Der Holocaust als „kolonialer Genozid“? Europäische Kolonialgewalt und nationalsozialistischer Vernichtungskrieg

  • This essay critically engages with the current scholarly debate about ‘connecting lines’ and structural similarities between European colonialism and German National Socialism. Following the recent publication of books on the allegedly genocidal nature of German colonialism and the role of the Herero and Nama wars (1904–07) as a precursor of and model for the German war of extermination in Eastern Europe (1939–45), the essay will critically examine the allegedly ‘exceptional’ character of the German colonial wars within the broader trans-national context of colonial violence. It will be argued that the taboo violation of 1904 was in fact very much in line with common European colonial standards. Furthermore, the essay will critically engage with the question of direct continuities between ‘Windhoek and Auschwitz’, arguing that the German war of annihilation constituted a break with European traditions of colonialism rather than a continuation.

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Author:Robert Gerwarth, Stephan Malinowski
Parent Title (German):Geschichte und Gesellschaft
Document Type:Journal Article
Date of Publication (online):2014/02/12
Date of first Publication:2007/01/01
Release Date:2014/02/12
First Page:439
Last Page:466
ZZF Chronological-Classification:20. Jahrhundert
ZZF Regional-Classification:Europa
Postcolonial Studies
Studies in Contemporary History: Materials:3/2008 NS-Forschung nach 1989/90 3/2008 / Zur Debatte
Licence (German):License LogoMit freundlicher Genehmigung des jeweiligen Autors / Verlags für Online-Ausgabe der Zeitschrift Zeithistorische Forschungen